الأربعاء، 26 أبريل 2017

شخصية استشراقية جون إل. اسبوزيتو John L. Esposito

    
تقديم:
        كنت أود أن أقدم ترجمة الباحث المتخصص في الإسلام جون اسبوزيتو بدون تقديم، ولكن لما رأيت الصفحات الطويلة لنشاطات وإنجازات اسبوزيتو وأمثاله من الباحثين الغربيين تساءلت وأريدكم أن تتساءلوا معي هل هؤلاء مخلوقون من طينة أخرى غير التي خُلِق منها الأستاذ الجامعي في العالم العربي والإسلامي؟ لماذا يستطيعون أن ينجزوا كل تلك الأعمال ونحن لا نستطيع أن نقوم بعشر معشارها؟ هل نحاسب أنفسنا على أوقاتنا؟ هل نتذكر حديث المصطفى (لا تزول قدما عبد يوم القيامة حتى يُسأل عن أربع..ومنها عن وشبابه فيم أفناه وعن عمره فيم أبلاه..) فنحن محاسبون عن الوقت.
        هل السبب تربيتنا التي لا تشجع روح الإبداع والابتكار، بل ربما تصل إلى درجة كبته؟؟؟؟ أم أن ظروفنا الاجتماعية والتعليمية والجامعية والاقتصادية هي التي لا تتيح لنا أن ننجز شيئاً؟ كم من وقت الأستاذ الجامعي يضيع سدى في القيام بأعمال تافهة !!!!
        أليس حضور المؤتمرات والندوات للأستاذ الجامعي العربي المسلم أصعب من صعود الهملايا؟ بل إن الهملايا أصبح بالإمكان الوصول إليها وتجاوزها..إن حضور المؤتمرات والندوات إنما هو جزء من الحياة الجامعية لما توفره من وسائل لكسب مزيد من المعرفة والعلم بالإضافة إلى الاختلاط بالباحثين من أنحاء العالم والإفادة من خبراتهم وعلمهم.
        هل يمكن أن يكون الحل لهذه المعضلة بأن نشجع الإبداع والابتكار في جميع المراحل ولا نكتفي باستهلاك ما هو جاهز.وهل يمكن أن يكون بتوفير الإمكانات اللازمة للبحث العلمي من حيث المادة العلمية ووسائل الوصول إليها وكذلك وسائل النشر..؟وهل نشجع المبدعين والمبتكرين بمكافأتهم لنحفزهم لمزيد من الإبداع؟
تعليمه:
حصل على الدكتوراه من جامعة تمبل بمدينة فيلادلفيا  عام 1974م وكان تخصصه الأساسي في الدراسات الإسلامية بينما كان التخصص الفرعي أديان مقارنة، وكان قبلها قد درس اللغة العربية في مركز دراسات الشرق الأوسط بمدينة شملان بلبنان عام 1971 بعد أن درس اللغة العربية أيضا في جامعة بنسلفانيا عام 1969.
        والبروفيسور اسبوزيتو حصل على درجة الماجستير في اللاهوت من جامعة القديس جون عام 1966 وحصل قبلها عام 1963على درجة البكالوريوس من كلية سينت أنتوني بجامعة أكسفورد ببريطانيا في الفلسفة.

الخبرة العملية

حصل عام 2000م على رتبة الأستاذية وعمل في الفترة من عام 1993حتى الآن أستاذاً للدين والعلافات الدولية ، والمدير المؤسس لمركز التفاهم الإسلامي النصراني:التاريخ والشؤون الدولية، بمدرسة إدمند وولش للخدمة الخارجية بجامعة جورجتاون بمدينة واشنطن العاصمة الأمريكية.
       أستاذ كرسي لويولا لدراسات الشرق الأوسط ، وأستاذ الدراسات الإسلامية بكلية الصليب المقدس في الفترة من 1991-، وكان في الفترة من 1987حتى عام 1991 مديراً لمركز الدراسات الدولية بكلية الصليب المقدس. وعمل أستاذاً  مشاركاً  للدبلوماسية بمدرسة فلتشر للقانون والدبلوماسية بجامعة تفت Tufts University في الفترة من 1986حتى 1993م. عمل أستاذاً زائر للدراسات الأسيوية  عام 1986مبجامعة أوبرلين وعمل في الفترة من 1984-1995 أستاذ الدراسات الدينية بكلية الصليب المقدس وعمل في الفترة من 1975حتى 1984 أستاذ مشارك ورئيس قسم الأديان في قسم دراسات الأديان بكلية الصليب المقدس.

إنتاجه العلمي:
Publications, Papers and Professional Presentations - Books
2000
 
Editor, The Oxford History of Islam (New York: Oxford University Press)
2000
 
Muslims on the Americanization Path with Yvonne Haddad (New York: Oxford University Press)
2000
 
Islam and Secularism in the Middle East with Azzam Tamimi (London & New York: Hurst Ltd. and New York University Press)
2000
 
Religion and Global Order with Michael Watson (University of Wales Press)
In Press
 
Muslims and the West: Encounter and Dialogue with Zafar Ishaq Ansari (Islamabad: Islamic Research Institute)
In Press
 
Makers of Contemporary Islam with John Voll (New York: Oxford University Press)
In Press
 
Iran at the Crossroads with R. K. Ramazani (New York; St. Martins Press)
In Press
 
Women in Muslim Family Law, Second Edition (Syracuse, New York, Syracuse University Press)
In Press
 
Daughters of Abraham: Feminist Thought in Judaism, Christianity and Islam with Yvonne Haddad (University of Florida Press)
1999
 
The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?, Third Edition (New York, Oxford University Press)
1998
 
Islam and Politics, Fourth Edition (Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press)
1998
 
Islam: The Straight Path, Third Edition (New York: Oxford University Press)
1998
 
Islam, Gender and Social Change with Yvonne Y. Haddad (New York: Oxford University Press)
1998
 
Muslims on the Americanization Path with Yvonne Haddad (Atlanta: Scholars Press)
1997
 
Political Islam: Revolution, Radicalism or Reform? (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publications)
1997
 
Contemporary Islamic Revival Since 1988: A Critical Survey and Bibliography with Yvonne Haddad (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press)
1996
 
Islam and Democracy with John O. Voll (New York: Oxford University Press)
1995
 
Editor-In-Chief, The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, four volumes (New York: Oxford University Press)
1995
 
The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?, Second Revised Edition (New York: Oxford University Press)
1995
 
Political Islam: The Challenge of Change (Annandale, VA: United Association for Studies and Research)
1992
 
Islam: The Straight Path, Expanded Edition (New York: Oxford University Press)
1991
 
The Contemporary Islamic Revival: A Critical Survey and Bibliography with Yvonne Y. Haddad and John O. Voll (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press)
1991
 
Islam and Politics, Third Revised Edition (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press)
1990
 
The Iranian Revolution: Its Global Impact (Miami: University of Florida Press)
1989
 
The Global Impact of the Iranian Revolution with James P. Piscatori (Washington D.C.: The Middle East Institute)
1988
 
Islam: The Straight Path (New York: Oxford University Press)
1987
 
Islam in Asia: Religion, Politics and Society (New York: Oxford University Press)
1983
 
Voices of Resurgent Islam (New York: Oxford University Press)
1982
 
Women in Muslim Family Law (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press)
1982
 
Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives with John J. Donohue (New York: Oxford University Press)
1980
 
Islam and Development: Religion and Sociopolitical Change (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press)
Publications, Papers and Professional Presentations - Articles and Monographs
2000
 
"The Significance of Religion for Global Order", in John L. Esposito and Michael Watson, eds. Religion and Global Order (University of Wales Press)
2000
 
"Political Islam and Global Order", in John L. Esposito and Michael Watson, eds. Religion and Global Order (University of Wales Press)
2000
 
"Islam and Nationalism", al-Marifa (April)
2000
 
"Rethinking U.S. Foreign Policy & Islam After Kosovo" with Vali R. Nasr, Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, Volume 1, Number 1 (February)
2000
 
"The Challenge of Pluralism in the Millennium", in Bill Moyers Genesis and the Millennium: An Essay on Religious Pluralism in the Twenty-first Century (Waco, TX: Bayor University)
1999
 
"Is Islamism a Threat? A Debate", with Graham Fuller, Martin Kramer, and Daniel Pipes Middle East Quarterly, Volume VI, Number 4 (December)
1999
 
"Contempory Islam: Revolution or Reformation?" in John L. Esposito ed. The Oxford History of Islam (New York, Oxford University Press)
1999
 
"Religion in the Middle East" (with Muqtedar Khan) in Deborah J. Gerner ed. Understanding the Contemporary Middle East (Boulder, CO)
1999
 
"Islamic Economics" in Jacob Neusner ed. Religious Belief and Economic Behavior (Atlanta: Scholars Press)
1999
 
"The Islamic Factor" in Phebe Marr, ed. Egypt at the Crossroads: Domestic Stability and Regional Role (Washington D.C.: National Defense University Press)
1999
 
"Zan va Islam: Bahsef Dagheh Javame-eh Eslami" (Woman and Islam: The Heated Debate in Islamic Societies), Zanan, Number 53 (Khordad 1378/May-June)
1999
 
"Clash of Civilizations? Contemporary Images of Islam in the West", in Gema Martin Munoz ed. Islam, Modernism and the West (London: I.B. Taurus)
1998
 
"Is Islam Inherently Incompatible with Western Civilization?", Middle East Affairs Journal (Summer/Fall)
1998
 
"Muslims in America or American Muslims", in Yvonne Y. Haddad and John L. Esposito eds. Muslims on the Americanization Path (Atlanta: Scholars Press)
1998
 
"Religion in Global Politics", SAIS Review (Spring)
1998
 
"Political Islam: From the Center to the Periphery", in Repositioning Islam in the Current World Order (Portugal)
1998
 
"Islamic Fundamentalism", Microsoft Encarda
1997
 
"Claiming the Center: Political Islam in Transition", Harvard International Review (Spring )
1997
 
"Imagines contemporaneos del Islam en Occidents," Revista de Occidente, in Gema Martin Munoz, ed. (Toledo, Spain: Fundacion Jose Ortega y Gasset).
1997
 
"Political Islam and Gulf Security," in John L. Esposito, ed. Political Islam: Revolution, Radicalism, or Reform? (Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publ. ).
1996
 
"Political Islam: A Threat to the West?", der Uberblick
1996
 
"Religion and Politics in Modern Islamic Thought," in Jacob Neusner, ed. Religion and Politics (Atlanta: Scholars Press)
1996
 
"Fundamentalisms and Development," (Paris: Unesco)
1995
 
"Jihad: The Struggle For Islam," Introduction To Religion: What Religions Do, in Jacob Neusner and William Scott Green, eds. (Westminster/John Knox Press)
1995
 
"Population Ethics/Islamic Perspectives," Encyclopedia of Bioethics ed. Warren T. Reich (New York: Macmillan).
1995
 
"The Study of Modern Muslim Societies: Where Did We Go Wrong?" in Jacob Neusner, ed. Religion and the Social Order, (Atlanta: Scholars Press)
1995
 
"Islam and Modernity," Religion and Tolerance (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Institute for Islamic Understanding)
1994
 
"Islamic Movements, the Arab-Israeli Peace Negotiations, and the Role of Regional Players," in Hooshang Amirahmadi and Eric Hoogland, eds. US-Iran Relations (Washington, D.C.: The Middle East Institute).
1994
 
"Symposium: Resurgent Islam in the Middle East," Middle East Policy 3:2
1994
 
"Islam and the Challenge of Democracy," in Richard Bulliet, ed. Democracy Under Seige, (New York: Columbia University)
1994
 
John L. Esposito and John O. Voll, "Islam's Democratic Essence," Middle East Quarterly (September)
1994
 
"Democracy, Islamic Movements, and the State," in Y'slam ve Demokrasi (Islam and Democracy) (Istanbul: Tuses Yay).
1994
 
"Islamische Bedrohung - Mythos oder Realitat?" in Islam - A Challenge for Christianity, Concilium, Vol. 3
1994
 
"Islamic Fundamentalism," Britannica Book of the Year, (Encyclopedia Britannica).
1994
 
"Understanding Islam," International Yearbook, 1994, (Collier's Yearbook).
1994
 
"Islam in the World and in America," in Jacob Neusner, ed. World Religions in America: An Introduction, (Westminster/John Knox Press).
1994
 
"Islam and the West: Beyond the Green Menace," Current History (January).
1994
 
"Political Islam and U.S. Foreign Policy," Brown Journal of Foreign Affairs
1993
 
"Desecularizing Government in the Subcontinent: An Islamic Pakistan?" in David Smith, ed. From Containment to Stability: Pakistan-U.S. Relations in the Post Cold War Era, (Washington, D. C.: NDU Press).
1993
 
"Revival and Reform in Contemporary Islam," in William M. Shea, ed. The Struggle Over the Past: Fundamentalism in the Modern World, (Washington, D.C.: University Press of America).
1993
 
"Islam, Democracy, and U.S. Foreign Policy: the Challenge of Islamic Movements" Phebe Marr and William Lewis, Eds. Riding the Tiger: The Middle East Challenge After the Gulf War, (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press).
1992
 
"Islamic Fundamentalism: The Force of the Twenty First Century?" Australia and World Affairs (Spring).
1992
 
Islam and the West (Winooski, VT: St. Michael's College).
1991
 
"Democratization in the Middle East," in The Middle East (Washington, D.C.: Committee on Foreign Relations)
1991
 
"Islam as a Political Force in the Maghreb," Qiraat Siyasiyyah (Fall).
1991
 
John L. Esposito and James P. Piscatori, "Democratization and Islam," The Middle East Journal (Summer).
1991
 
"The Gulf War, Islamic Movements and the New World Order," The Iranian Journal of International Affairs (Spring).
1991
 
"Trailblazers of the Islamic Resurgence" in Yvonne Y. Haddad et. al. The Islamic Revival: An Analysis and Annotated Bibliography (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press).
1991
 
"Ismail R. al-Faruqi: Muslim Scholar-Activist" in Yvonne Y. Haddad, ed. The Muslims of America (New York: Oxford University Press).
1990
 
"Jihad in a World of Shattered Dreams: Islam, Arab Politics and the Gulf Crisis", Vandkunsten: konflikt, politik, & historie, (November).
1990
 
John L. Esposito and John O. Voll, "Khurshid Ahmad: Muslim Activist-Economist," The Muslim World (January).
1990
 
"The Iranian Revolution: A Ten Year Perspective" in The Iranian Revolution: Its Global Impact (University of Florida Press).
1990
 
"Islam in Arab Politics", The World and I (Washington, D.C., February).
1989
 
"Religion and Sociopolitical Thought: Islam" in C.H. Fu, ed. Movements and Issues in World Religions: Selected Issues, Vol. 2, (Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press).
1988
 
"Sudan" in Shireen T. Hunter, ed. The Politics of Islamic Revivalism, (Indiana: The University of Indiana Press).
1988
 
"Islam" in The New Dictionary of Theology (Wilmington, Delaware: Michael Glazier).
1987
 
"The Impact of Islam" (with Byron L. Haines), Pro Mundi Vita (Brussels, June). English, French, Dutch, Italian and German editions.
1987
 
"Islamic Fundamentalism and the Challenge to United States Diplomacy" in Coral Bell, ed. Politics, Diplomacy and Islam (Canberra: The Australian National University).
1987
 
"Tradition and Modernization in Islam," in C.H. Fu, ed. Movements and Issues in World Religions: Religion, Ideology and Politics, Vol. 1, (Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press).
1987
 
"Numayri's Islamization of the Sudan" in The Muslim World, July-October, 1986. Revised version, "Sudan" in Shireen T. Hunter, ed. The Politics of Islamic Revivalism: Diversity and Unity, Indiana: University of Indiana Press).
1986
 
"Islam in the Politics of the Middle East", Current History (February)
1986
 
"Modern Islamic Sociopolitical Thought" in J.K. Hadden and A. Shupe, eds. Prophetic Religions and Politics, (N.Y.: Paragon House).
1986
 
"Islam, Ideology and Politics in Pakistan" in Myron Weiner and Ali Banuazizi, eds. The State, Religion, and Ethnic Politics, (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press).
1985
 
Islamic Revivalism, Occasional Paper No. 3 of The Muslim World Today (Washington, D.C.: American Institute for Islamic Affairs).
1985
 
"Islamic Fundamentalism and Radicalism" in Islamic Fundamentalism and Islamic Radicalism (Washington, D.C.: Committee on Foreign Affairs).
1984
 
"Muslim Societies Today: Search for identity," in Marjorie Kelly, ed. Islam: The Political and Religious Life of a Community, (New York: Praeger).
1984
 
"Islam and Politics," Harvard International Review (May)
1983
 
"Law in Islam," in Yvonne Y. Haddad, ed. The Islamic Impact, (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press).
1983
 
"Muhammad Iqbal and the Islamic State" in John L. Esposito, ed. Voices of Resurgent Islam, Chapter 8 (New York: Oxford University Press)
1983
 
"Teaching Contemporary Islam," CSR Bulletin (April)
1982
 
"Islamization: Religion and Politics in Pakistan," Muslim World (July)
1982
 
"Religion and Politics in the Middle East," The Middle East Journal (Summer)
1980
 
"Perspectives on Islamic Legal Reform: The Case of Pakistan," Journal of International Law and Politics (Fall)
1980
 
"Pakistan: Quest for Islamic Identity" in John L. Esposito, ed. Islam and Development: Religion and Sociopolitical Change, Chapter 8 (Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press)
1978
 
"Modern Muslim Family Law Reform", Scrutiny, (Fall)
1977
 
"Muslim Family Law Reform in Pakistan," Journal of Malaysian Comparative Law, (December).
1977
 
"Islam" in Nicholas Piediscalzi, ed. Teaching About Religion in Public Schools, (Sacramento: Argus Books).
1976
 
"Muslim Family law Reform: Towards an Islamic Methodology," Islamic Studies, (Spring)
1976
 
"The Changing Status of Muslim Women," Islam in the Modern Age (February)
1975
 
"Women's Rights in Islam," Islamic Studies (June)
 
 
Many of the above publications have been translated into foreign languages, among them: Arabic, Turkish, Bahasa Malaysia/Indonesia, Urdu, Persian, Bengali, Japanese, Spanish, Portugese, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Chinese, and Serbian.
Projects in Progress
 
 
Asian Islam in the 21st Century
 
 
World Religions Today with Darrell Fasching and Todd Lewis, (New York: Oxford University Press).
 
 
The Future of Islam (New York: Free Press/Simon & Shuster).
 
 
Editor in Chief, The Oxford Dictionary of Islam (New York: Oxford University Press).
General Publications
2000
 
"Memos to the Next President," Middle East Insight (November-December)
1999
 
"Islamic Fundamentalism," SIDIC, Vol. XXXII No. 3-1999
1997
 
"Islam and Christianity Face to Face: An old conflict & prospects for a new ending," Commonweal (January 31).
1997
 
"Islam's Southeast Shift: A success that could lead renewal in the Muslim world," Asiaweek (April 4).
1996
 
"Fundamentalisms and Development," Le Courrier De L'Unesco (September).
1994
 
"The Peace Accords," Harvard Divinity Bulletin (Spring )
1993
 
"Secular Bias and Islamic Revivalism," The Chronicle of Higher Education, (May 26)
1991
 
"Prospects for the Postwar Order: The Political Leverage of Islam," Christian Century (April).
1988
 
"Contemporary Islam", New Catholic World, (November/December)
1988
 
"The Islamic Tradition" Handbook for Interreligious Dialogue edited by John Borelli, (Morristown, N.J.: Silver Burdett & Ginn, 2nd ed.).
1987
 
"Religio-political Realities Frame Islamic Disputes", National Catholic Reporter (September 11)
1986
 
"Islam Today: Back to the Future" National Catholic Reporter, (November 28)
1986
 
"Teaching Islam the Old Fashioned Way - Living It", memorial to Professor Ismail al-Faruqi in Islamic Horizons, (September)
1986
 
"Islam in Asia: An Introduction," Asia, (Spring)
1985
 
"Contemporary Islam" New Era, (July-August)
1980
 
"What is Islam?" Maryknoll Magazine, (May)
1980
 
"Islam and the West," originally published by USIA in English and Arabic for distribution in the Middle East and South Asia. Subsequently published in Bengali in the Journal of the Islamic Institute (Dacca: Bangladesh).
 
 
Newspaper articles based on transcripts of overseas lectures and interviews, published in English, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu, Bahasa Indonesia and Bengali.
Papers and Presentations (Selected List)
2000
 
"Islam and Civil Society," European Union University, Florence, Italy, October 20, 2000.
2000
 
"Islam and Human Freedom," Religion and Foreign Policy, Meridien House, May 11, 2000.
2000
 
"The Clergy and their Critics: The Struggle to Define/Redefine Iran's Islamic Identity/Governance," The Open Society/Soros Foundation, New York, May 15, 2000.
1998
 
"Islam and Civil Society in the Middle East," Institute for Politics and International Studies, Teheran, January 31, 1998
1997
 
"Islam and Democracy," Istanbul, October 25, 1997
1997
 
"The Clash of Civilizations Debate," Universite Sains (Science) Penang, Malaysia, February 28, 1997.
1997
 
"The Role of Religion in the Post Modern World," International Islamic University, March 5
1997
 
"The Future of Islamic Studies in Muslim World and the West," University of Malaya, Academy of Islamic Sciences, March 7
1997
 
"Prospects for Democracy in the Islamic World," Jakarta, March 10
1997
 
"Contemporary Islamic Thought on Civilization, " Unversite Kebangsaan (National) Malaysia, March 13
1997
 
"Civilizations: Conflict or Concorde," University of Malaya
1997
 
"Islam and Democracy," International Islamic University, Kualalumpur, March 14
1997
 
"The Challenge to Religion in the 21st Century," JUST World Trust, Kualalumpur
1997
 
"The New Clinton Team: Bosnia and Palestine," International Institute of Islamic Thought, Kualalumpur, March 15
1996
 
"Islamic Fundamentalism and the West," Shanghai Institute for International Affairs, Shanghai, China, October, 1996.
1996
 
"Contemporary Images of Islam in the West," Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, China, October 1996
1996
 
"The Challenge of Political Islam," Oxford University, October, 1996
1996
 
"Transnational Islam," University of Indiana, September, 1996.
1996
 
"Political Islam: Revolution or Reformation?," David P. Gardner Lecture, University of Utah, May 1996
1996
 
"Islam and the West: A Clash of Civilizations?," Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, March, 1996
1996
 
"Muslim-Christian Relations in Historical Perspective," The Future of Jerusalem for Christians and Christians for Jerusalem, Jerusalem, March 1996
1996
 
"Islam in Asia," Japanese Institute of International Relations, Tokyo, January, 1996
1996
 
"Islam: Challenge or Threat?," Toledo, Spain, April, 1996
1995
 
"Images of Islam and Muslims in the West," Center for Interfaith Studies, Amman, Jordan, August 1995
1995
 
"The Study of Islam and Islamic Studies," King Faisal Foundation, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, May 1995
1995
 
"Political Islam: Challenge or Threat?" University of Chicago, May 1995
1995
 
"Islam and the West," Keynote Address, University of Georgia, January 1995
1994
 
"Islam and Civil Society" Keynote Address at Conference on Islam in South Africa, University of South Africa, Pretoria, August 1994
1994
 
"Islam and Modernity," Institute for Islamic Understanding, Kuala Lumpur, March, 1994
1994
 
"The Study of Modern Muslim Societies: Where Did We Go Wrong?" University of South Florida, February, 1994
1994
 
"Islam and American Foreign Policy," University of Malaya & Institute for Strategic and International Studies, Kuala Lumpur, January, 1994
1994
 
"Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?" Institute for Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, January, 1994
1993
 
"Islam and the Challenge of Democracy'" Columbia University, June 18, 1993
1993
 
"Islamic Movements and U.S. Foreign Policy," Council on Foreign Relations, New York, May , 1993
1993
 
"Political Islam in Black Africa," U.S. State Department, Washington, May, 1993
1993
 
"The Challenge of Islamic Movements: Are They a Threat to the West?" University of California at Berkeley, March 1993
1993
 
"Islam: Threat or Challenge?" University of California at Santa Barbara, March 1993
1993
 
"Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?" University of California at Los Angeles, March 1993
1993
 
"Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?" Oxford University, February, 1993
1993
 
"The New Politics of North Africa: Fundamentalist Threat and State Repression," CFIA/Africa Seminar, Harvard University, November, 1992
1993
 
"The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?," Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., October 1992
1993
 
"The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?," CFIA/Middle East Seminar, Harvard University, October 1992
1992
 
"Central Asia and Political Islam: A Comparative Perspective," Institute of Oriental Studies, Moscow, September 1992
1992
 
"The Challenge of Islamic Movements," Foreign Office, Amman, Jordan, August 1992.
1992
 
"Islamic Fundamentalism in North Africa: Implications for U.S. Foreign Policy," House Committee on Foreign Affairs, May 1992
1992
 
"Democratization and Islamic Movements in the Midlle East," United States Institute of Peace, May 1992
1992
 
"Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality," The Middle East Institute, June 1992
1992
 
"Islam and the Challenge of Democracy," Istanbul, Turkey, September 1992
1992
 
"Islamic Movements in North Africa," International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan, January 1992
1992
 
"Islamic Movements and the New World Order" The Institute for Political and International Studies, Teheran, Iran, January, 1992. Also, The University of Khartoum, March, 1992
1992
 
"Democratization, Islamic Movements and the West," London School of Economics, February 1992
1991
 
"The Nature of Islamic Fundamentalism in the Maghreb," Council on Foreign Relations, June 1991
1991
 
"Islam, the Gulf Crisis, and the New World Order," Presidential Address, American Council for the Study of Islamic Societies, May 1991
1991
 
"Islam and Democracy," The Middle East Institute, May 1991.
1991
 
"Democratization in the Middle East," Testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, May 1991
1990
 
"The Challenge of Islamic Movements in the 1990's, The Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, December, 1990.
1990
 
"The Persian Gulf", Neiman Fellows, Harvard University, November, 1990
1990
 
"Islam, Ethnicity and the State in Pakistan", Center for International Affairs, Harvard University, November, 1990
1990
 
"The Persian Gulf and American Foreign Policy", Massachusetts Institute of Technology, October, 1990
1990
 
"Islam in State and Society: Pakistan," at International Conference on Democracy and Development in South Asia, Tufts University Center for South Asian and Indian Ocean Studies, April, 1990
1989
 
"Muslim Intellectuals and Change" International Conference on Islamic Philosophy and Science, Penang, Malaysia, June, 1989
1989
 
"Islam in Asia: Religion and Sociopolitical Change" The University of Minnesota and the University of Wisconsin, June, 1989
1989
 
"Khurshid Ahmad: Muslim Activist-Economist" The University of New Hampshire, May 1989
1989
 
"Islamization in Pakistan: A Reassessment", Institute for Politics and International Studies, Tehran, Iran, January, 1989
1988
 
"Islam and Politics in the Middle East", Brown University, March, 1988
1988
 
"The Islamic World and its Impact on International Politics", The Italian Society for International Organization, Rome, March, 1988
1988
 
"Contemporary Islamic Movements," The University of Rome, March 1988
1988
 
"Contemporary Islam Revivalism and non-Muslim Minorities", The Vatican, March, 1988
1988
 
"Islam in the United States", Kuwait University, December, 1988
1987
 
"American Perceptions of Islam and Muslim Politics", Imam Muhammad ibn Saud University, Riyadh, December, 1987
1987
 
"Islamic Studies in the United States", King Saud University, Riyadh and King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, December, 1987
1987
 
"The Role of Islam in Sociopolitical Change", World Affairs Council, Amman, December, 1987
1987
 
"American Perceptions of Islam", Sultan Qaboos University, Oman, December, 1987
1987
 
"The Middle East, Fundamentalism and U.S. Foreign Policy", Washington University, March, 1987
1987
 
"The Politics of Islamic Fundamentalism", University of Indiana, March, 1987
1987
 
"Islam and Foreign Policy", Institute for Strategic and International Studies, Kuala Lumpur, January, 1987
1986
 
"Islam and Nationalism", Johns Hopkins University (SAIS), November, 1986
1986
 
"Political Development in Pakistan", Wellesley College, November, 1986
1986
 
"Radicalism and Social Change", Annual Meeting of the Middle East Institute, October, 1986
1986
 
"Constitutionalism and Islam", Joint Committee on Political Development, Harvard/Massachusetts Institute of Technology, October, 1986
1986
 
"Muslim-Christian Relations"; "U.S. Policy and the Muslim World", Annual Meeting of Islamic Society of North America, August, 1986
1986
 
"Islam and Politics", Rice University, May, 1986
1986
 
"Islam and Modernization", and "Muslim Fundamentalism", University of Dayton, February, 1986
1986
 
"The Politics of Islamic Revivalism", The University of Toronto, March, 1986
1986
 
"International Perspectives on the Religious Resurgence in the Middle East", Yale University, February, 1986
1985
 
"Issues in Islamic Politics", Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, October, 1985
1985
 
"Islamic Fundamentalism and U.S. Foreign Policy", Institute of Politics, Harvard University, November, 1985
1985
 
"The Impact of Islam on Economic Development", Seminar for Congressional Staffers, August, 1985
1985
 
"Workshop on Christian-Muslim Relations", (N.C.C.) Atlanta, July, 1985
1985
 
"Islamic Fundamentalism and Radicalism", Testimony before House Committee on Foreign Affairs, June, 1985
1985
 
"Islamic Revival: Religion and Politics in the Middle East", Center for International Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1985
 
"Islamic Revival in Southeast Asia", Foreign Service Institute
1985
 
"Islamic Movements", Institute of Islamic Studies, McGill University
1985
 
"Islam and Politics in the Sudan", CSIS, Georgetown University
1985
 
"Islamic Fundamentalism in the Near East", Department of State
1984
 
"Women, Law and Social Change", Tufts University, March, 1984
1983
 
"Religion and Politics in Pakistan", South Asia Institute, University of Virginia
1983
 
"Western Scholarship and the Study of Islam", King Abdul Aziz University
1983
 
"Methodological Issues in Islamic Studies", University of Riyadh
1983
 
"Women's Status in Islamic Law", Kuwait University
1983
 
"Muslims in America", The American University of Cairo
1983
 
"Contemporary Islamic History: Issues and Problems", al-Azhar University
1983
 
"Islam and the West: Confrontation or Accommodation", Jamaat al-Islah Society (Kuwait)
1983
 
"The Islamic Revival: Sources and Development", Bethlehem University
1983
 
"Women in Muslim Family Law Reform", Hebron University
1982
 
"The Process of Islamization", Haifa University (Arab-Jewish Center)
1982
 
"The Worldview and Concerns of Islamic Revivalists", Tel Aviv University (Shiloah Center) and Hebrew University (Truman Institute)
1982
 
"The Prophet Muhammad: Paradigm of Muslim Life", National Seerat Conference, Karachi, Pakistan
1982
 
"Islamization: Religion and Politics in Pakistan", The Royal Institute of International Affairs
1982
 
"The Islamic Worldview and Why It Makes a Difference in World Politics", Scholar in Residence, James Madison University
1981
 
"Teaching the Islamic Resurgence", The Middle East Studies Association
1981
 
"Saudi Arabia: The Flexibility of Islamic Fundamentalism", Conference on Saudi Arabia, Department of State
1980
 
"Khomeini, Repentance and the American Hostages", Department of State
1979
 
"Pakistan: Quest for Islamic Identity", American Academy of Religion
1978
 
"Perspectives on Islamic Legal Reform", Islamic Law Colloquium, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Advanced Study and Research
1999
 
Research and Lectures in Egypt
1998
 
Pakistan, India, Saudi Arabia, and Iran
1997
 
Pakistan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, Turkey
1996
 
China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia
1995
 
Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Jordan, Malaysia, and Indonesia
1994-95
 
Jordan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, South Africa
1993
 
Egypt and Morocco
1992
 
Jordan, Sudan, Pakistan and Iran
1990
 
Malaysia and Indonesia
1989
 
Malaysia, Indonesia, Egypt, Tunisia, Iran
1987
 
The Middle East - Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman and Jordan
1986
 
South and Southeast Asia - Bangladesh, Malaysia and Indonesia
1985
 
Turkey
1984
 
Sudan
1983
 
The Middle East and Asia - Egypt, India, Pakistan, Malaysia and Indonesia
1982-83
 
The Middle East, South and Southeast Asia - Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia and Indonesia
1979
 
The Middle East and South Asia - Egypt, Pakistan and Bangladesh
1977
 
Tthe Middle East, South and Southeast Asia - Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia
1974
 
Pakistan
1971-72
 
The Middle East - Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
Professional Activities - Consultant/Lecturer (Selected List)
 
 
American Council of Learned Societies
 
 
Fundamentalism Project, University of Chicago
 
 
National Public Radio and Foreign Policy Association (National Advisory Committee for International Studies)
 
 
Independent Broadcasters Associates (development of "World of Islam" series of radio programs)
 
 
Department of State INR/NESA (Foreign Affairs Analyst)
 
 
Briefings and Conferences for NESA and African Affairs
 
 
Foreign Service Institute
 
 
United States Information Agency
 
 
Center for Foreign Affairs
 
 
Center for Strategic and International Studies
 
 
Time/Life Books
 
 
Exxon, Texaco, Aramco, Conaco, United Technologies, and IBM
Professional Activities - Board Memberships
1998-
 
Vice Chair, Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy
1992-96
 
Center for the International Exchange of Scholars and Chair of Middle East Studies Area Committee
1991-93
 
President, New England Council for Middle East Studies
1989-92
 
President, American Council for the Study of Islamic Societies
1988-89
 
President, Middle East Studies Association
1986-89
 
President-Elect, Middle East Studies Association
1986-89
 
Vice-President, American Council for the Study of Islamic Societies
1984-
 
American Council for the Study of Islamic Societies
1984-
 
President's Council, Center for Near Eastern Studies, New York University
1983-86
 
Middle East Studies Association
Professional Activities - Manuscript Reviewer 
Cambridge University Press
Oxford University Press
Yale University Press
Columbia University Press
University of California Press
Indiana University Press
SUNY Press, Syracuse University Press
Westview Press
The University of Texas Press
The University of Utah Press

Also, scholarly journals such as: 
International Journal of Middle East Studies
Political Science Quarterly
Journal of the American Historical Association
Journal of Marriage and the Family
Journal of International Law
Middle East Journal
The Muslim World
.

Professional Affiliations 
Middle East Studies Association, President, 1988-89. Board of Directors, 1983-86
American Council for the Study of Islamic Societies
President, 1989-91. Board of Directors, 1984- ; Vice President, 1986-89
American Society for the Study of Religion
Middle East Institute
International Studies Association
Association of Asian Studies
Maghreb Studies Association
American Academy of Religions, Islamic Studies Steering Committee, 1975-82
Council on the Study of Religion: Committee on Departmental Concerns, 1981-1985
College Theology Society, Chair: World Religions Section, 1978-1980
Society for the Scientific Study of Religion 
National Council of Catholic Bishops, Committee on Muslim- Catholic Relations
National Council of Churches, Task Force on Muslim-Christian Relations
Nadeo Faiths in the World Committee
Trialogue Commission, The National Council of Christians and jews.




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